Deep Water

Tech Paper: Field Application of an Innovative, Minimally Damaging Low-ECD Invert Emulsion Fluid for Drilling and Completion of HP/HT Wells: Update on Fluid Performance

Invert emulsion fluid helps operator save time and money while drilling on an HP/HT field Previous publication SPE-174176-MS discussed the development of a novel high-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) organophilic clay-free (OCF) invert emulsion fluid (IEF) for first use as a combined reservoir drilling fluid (RDF) and screen running fluid (SRF) for stand-alone screen (SAS) completions. The current paper details the continued application of this innovative...

Case Study: Use of Remotely Operated Technology Saves 45 Hours Rig Time

Remotely operated barrier valve and bridge plug increase operational efficiency while eliminating a number of intervention runs CHALLENGE – Chevron wanted to hydraulically set a production packer and provide dual well barriers with minimal intervention methods. The completion design had a limitation where only low pressure could be applied against the fluid loss device, hence the requirement for a separate packer-setting solution. The...

Tech Paper: Size Degradation Studies of Lost Circulation Materials in a Flow Loop

When drilling problem zones in mature fields, it is important to use resilient lost circulation materials Recently, there has been significant interest in understanding the material properties of lost circulation materials (LCM), including size degradation studies from mechanical compression tests and from shear flow. These types of tests are currently of particular importance because of increased drilling activity in mature fields, which often require...

Tech Paper: Remotely Operated Barrier Valve Provides Interventionless Solution for Offshore Vietnam Completion Campaign

Operator adopts completion installation practice that helps reduce risk and save rig time Considering the scope of work necessary to batch-complete six wells within a tight deadline, the initial outline for an offshore Vietnam completion program required multiple slickline well interventions, not only while on the rig critical path but also during simultaneous operations (SIMOPS). This high frequency of well intervention added considerable time,...

Tech Paper: Design Procedure for Cementing Intercalated Salt Zones

Tailoring the right cement design to maintain well integrity across salt zones Wells often require being drilled through and cemented across salt formations. In many parts of the world, salt sections consist of multiple salt types. These include Halite, Carnallite and Tachyhydrite. The last two salt types could move one hundred times faster than Halite and are chemically reactive. Typically, Carnallite and Tachyhydrite...

Tech Paper – Behind Pipe Log Evaluation Study: Deepwater Subsea Abandonments in the Gulf of Mexico

Pipe evaluation techniques can help reduce the cost of removing casing strings during plug and abandonment activities New techniques for well abandonment log evaluations have been under study since 2012 in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). Legacy practices typically used acoustic methods consisting of cement bond log and ultrasonic scanner devices. The new methods described in this paper consist of adding nuclear sensors...

Case Study: eRED® Valve Saves Six Hours Rig-Time for BP

eRED® Valve opens and closes remotely, eliminating the need for wireline intervention CHALLENGE – BP needed a more efficient method to set a shallow barrier and to reduce rig time for pressure-control equipment (PCE). In doing this, BP wanted to ensure that the solution chosen would adapt to the existing completion infrastructure that was set in the well. SOLUTION – This water injection...

Tech Paper: Developments in Sandstone HF Acidizing: HF Fluid Compatible with Na or K Brines and Carbonate-Laden Mineralogy for High Temperatures (360°F)

Aminopolycarboxylic acid chelating agent helps with the removal of mineral buildup in sandstone formations Using hydrofluoric (HF) acid for the removal of clays and silica minerals impairing permeability in sandstone formations requires fluids free of sodium or potassium ions. High temperatures (> 300°F) further limit HF acid use and its effectiveness because of potentially damaging effects to the formation and its corrosivity. This paper discusses...

Tech Paper: Alternative Technologies in Drill-In Fluids for Depleted Reservoirs

Designing the right drill-in fluid system can help minimize productivity impairments Induced losses occur when the drilling fluid density, required for well control and to maintain wellbore stability, exceeds the fracture resistance of the formations. Depleted reservoirs present a particular challenge. As the reserves decline, the pore pressure decreases, which weakens hydrocarbon-bearing rocks. Nearby or interbedded low permeability rocks, however, may maintain their pore...

Tech Paper: First Large-Bore Expandable Liner Hanger Deployment Offshore Gabon – Case Study

Technology helps improve reliability and increase versatility in deepwater operations The capability to reliably deploy large-bore hangers in offshore applications is critical to project success (McCormick et al. 2013). This case study discusses the the deployment of a large-bore expandable liner hanger (ELH) for the first time in a West African country and how the deployment of a 16-in. liner inside 20-in. casing at...

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